material culture consists of "artifacts (and other pertinent historical eveidence) of the belief systems---values, ideas, attitudes, and assumptions---of a particular community or society, usually across time" (Schereth 3). It can include "landscapes, tools, Buildings, housegood goods, clothing, and art;" it is the communication of specific human messages through objects (McDannell 2).
McDannell, Colleen. Material Christianity; Religion and Popular Culture in America. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1995.
Schlereth, Thomas J. ed. Material Culture Studies in America. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press, 1999.